K. Raju, a 35-year-old a vegetable vendor living in a rented house on Mysore Road, says that he works to earn money for two square meals a day. “I cannot even dream of building my own house in this city,” he says.
Ask him if his house has a toilet, and he says it is the last of his worries. But when the same question was put to his wife R. Radhika, she grumbles. She told The Hindu how difficult it is to manage without a toilet in the house. She has to either walk to the public toilet, which is at least a kilometre away, or waits until she reaches K.R. Market, her workplace, where she can use the public toilet paying Rs. 5.
The 2011 Census data reveals that Radhika is not alone. It shows that 1.23 lakh of the 23.77 lakh households in Bangalore do not have toilets on their premises.
3 steps to improve rural sanitation in India - a pathway to scale and sustainability
1. Further increasing political will and administrative commitment by identifying and creating local sanitation champions at the district level – for example, through exposure visits and evidence-based advocacy – and addressing key institutional bottlenecks such by supporting the state to formulate a state-specific sanitation policy.
2. Providing technical support to selected districts to demonstrate that sanitation can be delivered at the scale of a district and in a sustainable manner, and to develop district-wide approaches that are tailored to a particular state.
3. Supporting the strengthening of state governments’ institutional capacity to roll out the successful models to other districts, eventually covering the entire state.